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A well-balanced diet containing a variety of foods in appropriate portions, high in carbohydrate and low in saturated fat and sodium, combined with regular physical activity, is key to healthy outcomes and a very important part of preventing, treating and managing diabetes. Foods contain several important nutrients, one of which is carbohydrate. There are several ways of measuring the type of carbohydrate in foods. One way is the Glycaemic Index (GI).
The International Diabetes Federation has developed a Wheel to raise awareness of the Glycaemic Index and the various nutritional components that make up a healthy and well-balanced diet. The Glycaemic Index Wheel and Healthy Food Plate displays a variety of foods, divided by food group, with an indication of whether the food causes a slow, medium or rapid rise in blood glucose levels.